Authors Morten Silcowitz, Sarah Niebe and Kenny Erleben ( 2010 )

Abstract In interactive physical simulation, contact forces are applied to prevent rigid bodies from penetrating and to control slipping between bodies. Accurate contact force determination is a computationally hard problem. Thus, in practice one trades accuracy for performance. This results in visual artifacts such as viscous or damped contact response. In this paper, we present a new approach to contact force determination. We formulate the contact force problem as a nonlinear complementarity problem, and discretize the problem to derive the Projected Gauss–Seidel method. We combine the Projected Gauss–Seidel method with a subspace minimization method. Our new method shows improved qualities and superior convergence properties for specific configurations.

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