Authors Kenny Erleben, Marek Krzysztof Misztal, and J. Andreas Bærentzen

We present the mathematical foundation of a fluid animation method for unstructured meshes. Key contributions not previously treated are the extension to include diffusion forces and higher order terms of non-linear force approximations. In our discretization we apply a fractional step method to be able to handle advection in a numerically simple Lagrangian approach. Following this a finite element method is used for the remaining terms of the fractional step method. The key to deriving a discretization for the diffusion forces lies in restating the momentum equations in terms of a Newtonian stress tensor. Rather than applying a straightforward temporal finite difference method followed by a projection method to enforce incompressibility as done in the stable fluids method, the last step of the fractional step method is rewritten as an optimization problem to make it easy to incorporate non-linear force terms such as surface tension.

Paper download ACM, (2011) This is the author’s version of the work. It is posted here by permission of ACM for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definite version will be published in Proceedings of the 2011 ACM SIGGRAPH/Eurographics Symposium on Computer Animation (2011).